ブログ

National holidays / Annual events in Japan

[JAPANESE NATIONAL HOLIDAYS]

January 1 – New Year’s Day

The second Monday in January – Adult’s Day
February 11 – National Founding Day
March 20 or 21 – Vernal Equinox
April 29 – Showa Day
May 3 – Constitution Memorial Day 
May 4 – Greenery Day
May 5 – Children’s Day
The third Monday in July – Marine Day
The third Monday in September – Respect-for-the-Aged Day
September 23 or 24 – Autumnal Equinox
The second Monday in October – Health/Sports Day
November 3 – Culture Day
November 23 – Labor Thanksgiving Day
December 23 – Emperor’s Birthday  

*When a national holiday falls on Sunday, the next Monday becomes a holiday.

[ANNUAL EVENTS IN JAPAN]


Some festivals (Matsuri) and holidays are more correctly included in the nenchu gyoji or annual events originally observed by the Imperial court.

The New Year
正月
1st January
The Japanese celebrate New Year’s Day on January 1 each year on the Gregorian Calendar.
It is considered by most Japanese to be one of the most important annual festivals and has been celebrated for centuries with its own unique customs.
Kagami Biraki

鏡開き

11th January
Kagami Birakiis a Japanese traditional ceremony which literally translates to “Opening the Mirror” (from an abstinence) or, also, “Breaking of the Mochi.” It traditionally falls on January 11 (odd numbers are associated with being good luck in Japan) but, in practice outside of Japan, generally occurs around that date. It is generally the first important event of the year after New Years Day. It refers to the opening of a Kagami mochi, or to the opening of a cask of Sake at a party or ceremony.
The Valentine’s Day 
バレンタインデー
14th February
The Japanese celebrate St. Valentine’s day in a rather unique fashion. 
In Japan, Valentine’s Day is observed by females who present chocolate gifts, usually to a male, as an expression of love, courtesy or social obligation. ]
The white Day
ホワイトデー
14th March
On White Day, the converse happens: males who received a chocolate on Valentine’s Day are expected to return the favor by giving gifts, usually more expensive.
Girls’ Festival
ひなまつり
3rd March
Japanese Girl’s Festival known as hina matsuri (hina doll festival) or momo no sekku (peach flower festival). It’s common for families of girls in Japan to have a set of hina dolls wearing ancient kimono which is displayed at homes.
Boy’s festival
こどもの日
5th May
Children’s Day is a Japanese national holiday and is part of the Golden Week. It is a day set aside to respect children’s personalities and to celebrate their happiness. It was designated a national holiday by the Japanese government in 1948. The day was originally called “Tango no Sekku”(端午の節句), and was celebrated on the 5th day of the 5th moon in the lunar calendar or Chinese calendar.
Golden week
ゴールデンウィーク
29th April to 3-5th May
Goldenweek is a Japanese term applied to the period containing the following public holidays:

April 29 Shōwa Day
May 3 Constitution Memorial Day 
May 4 Greenery Day 
May 5 Children’s Day
Mother’s Day
母の日
the second Sunday of May
“ha no hi” was introduced after World War II. Nowadays it is rather a marketed holiday, and people typically give flowers such as red carnations and roses as gifts.
Father’s Day
父の日
the third Sunday of June
In Japan, “Chichi no hi” is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday.
Obon
お盆
mainly 13th-16th August
Bon is a Japanese Buddhist custom to honor the departed spirits of one’s ancestors. This Buddhist custom has evolved into a family reunion
holiday during which people return to ancestral family places and visit and clean their ancestors’ graves, 
and when the spirits of ancestors are supposed to revisit the household altars.
Full Moon Festival
十五夜
around Middle of September
In Japan they celebrate Jugoya – the Full Moon Festival. It’s also a celebration of the harvest. The day of the celebration varies since it’s on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month of the Chinese calendar.
It’s usually on the night of the full moon in August or September.
Christmas
クリスマス
24-25th December
Christmas celebrations take place on Christmas Eve and not on December 25, the actual Christmas Day. Preparations for Christmas begin here several weeks before December 24. Retail stores and shopping malls are seen to be thronged by a great number of people who spend quite a sum on Christmas trees, Santa clauses, Christmas gifts and other seasonal decorations.
New Year’s Eve
大晦日
 31st  December
Ōmisoka is the second-most important day in Japanese tradition because it is the final day of the old year and the eve of New Year’s Day, which is the most important day of the year. People tend to be very busy on Ōmisoka because they have much to do to prepare for the new year. After cleaning called ōsōji , Japanese have the largest dinner of the year. Around 11:00 pm on Ōmisoka at home, people often gather for one last time in the old year to have a bowl of toshikoshi-soba (年越しそば) or toshikoshi-udon (年越しうどん) together.

1月 28th, 2012 | 未分類 | posted by guesthouse_u-en _staff